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Famous Astronomers

This is a list of famous astronomers:

A
Marc Aaronson (USA
1950 – 1987)
George Ogden Abell (USA
1927 – 1983)
Antonio Abetti (Italy
1846 – 1928)
Giorgio Abetti (Italy
1882 – 1982)
Charles Greeley Abbot (USA
1872 – 1973)
Charles Hitchcock Adams (USA
1868 – 1951)
John Couch Adams (UK
1819 – 1892)
Walter Sydney Adams (USA
1876 – 1956)
Saul Adelman (USA
(1944 -)
Agrippa (Greek
unknown – 92)
Paul Oswald Ahnert (Germany
1897 – 1989)
Eva Ahnert-Rohlfs (Germany
1912 – 1954)
George Biddell Airy
(England
1801 – 1892)
Robert Aitken
(USA
1864 – 1951)
Al Battani (Iraq
850 – 929)
Albategnius (see Al-Batani)
Vladimir Aleksandrovich Albitzky (Russia)
Albumasar (Persia 787 - 886)
George Alcock (UK
1913 – 2000)
Harold Alden (USA
1890 – 1964)
Hannes Alfvιn (Sweden
1908 – 1995)
Lawrence H. Aller (USA
1913 – 2003)
Abd Al-Rahman Al Sufi
(Persia
903 – 986)
Viktor Amazaspovich Ambartsumian
(Armenia
1912 – 1996)
John August Anderson
(USA
1876 – 1959)
Andronicus of Cyrrhus
Anders Jonas Εngstrφm (Sweden
1814 – 1874)
Eugθne Michel Antoniadi (Greece
France
1870 – 1944)
Petrus Apianus (Germany
1495 – 1557)
Franηois Arago (France
1786 – 1853)
Sylvain Arend (Belgium
1902 – 1992)
Friedrich Wilhelm Argelander (Germany
1799 – 1875)
Aristarchus of Samos
circa 310 BC – circa 230 BC)
Christoph Arnold (Germany
1650 – 1695)
Svante Arrhenius (Sweden
1859 – 1927)
Arzachel (Muslim Spain
1028 – 1087)
Goryu Asada (Japan
1734 –1799)
Giuseppe Asclepi (Italy
1706 – 1776)
Joseph Ashbrook (USA
April 4
1918 – August 4
1980)
Arthur Auwers (Germany
1838 – 1915)
Adrien Auzout (France
1622 – 1691)

B
Walter Baade (Germany
1893 – 1960)
Harold D. Babcock (USA
1882 – 1968)
Horace W. Babcock (USA
1912 – 2003)
Oskar Backlund (Sweden
1846 – 1916)
John N. Bahcall (USA
1934 – 2005)
John E. Baldwin (UK
1934 – )
Benjamin Baillaud (France
1848 – 1934)
Jean Sylvain Bailly (France
1736 – 1793)
Francis Baily (UK
1774 – 1844)
John Bainbridge (UK
1582 – 1643)
Sallie Baliunas (USA
1953 – )
Benjamin Banneker (USA
1731 – 1806)
Edward Emerson Barnard (USA
1857 – 1923)
Johann Bayer (Germany
1572 – 1625)
Antonνn Bečvαř (Slovakia
1901 – 1965)
Wilhelm Beer (Germany
1797 – 1850)
Sergei Ivanovich Belyavsky (Russia
1883 – 1953)
Jocelyn Bell Burnell (Ireland
1943 – )
Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel (Germany
1784 – 1846)
Wilhelm Freiherr von Biela (Austria
1782 – 1856)
Ludwig Biermann (Germany
1907 – 1986)
Guillaume Bigourdan (France
1851 – 1932)
Biruni (Persia 973 - 1048)
Adriaan Blaauw (Netherlands
1914 – )
Nathaniel Bliss (UK
1700 – 1764)
Johann Elert Bode (Germany
1747 – 1826)
Alfred Bohrmann (Germany
1904 – 2000)
Bart Bok (Netherlands
1906 – 1983)
Charles Thomas Bolton (USA
1943 – )
John Gatenby Bolton (UK
Australia
1922 – 1993)
William Cranch Bond (USA
1789 – 1859)
Alphonse Borrelly (France
1842 – 1926)
Rudjer Boscovich (Dalmatia
1711 – 1787)
Lewis Boss (USA
1846 – 1912)
Rychard Bouwens (USA
1972 – )
Alexis Bouvard (France
1767 – 1843)
Edward (Ted) L. G. Bowell (USA)
Ira Sprague Bowen (USA
1898 – 1973)
Louis Boyer (France)
Ronald N. Bracewell (Australia
USA
1921 – )
James Bradley (England
1693 – 1762)
Tycho Brahe (Denmark
1546 – 1601)
John Alfred Brashear (USA
1840 – 1920)
William Robert Brooks (USA
1844 – 1922)
Theodor Brorsen (Denmark
1819 – 1895)
Dirk Brouwer (Netherlands–USA
1902 – 1966)
Ernest William Brown (UK
1866 – 1938)
Michael (Mike) E. Brown (USA)
Ismael Bullialdus (France
1605 – 1694)
James Steven Bullock (USA
1971 – )
Margaret Burbidge (UK
1919 – )
Robert Burnham
Jr. (USA
1931 – 1993)
Sherburne Wesley Burnham (1838 – 1921)
Schelte J. Bus (USA)

C
William Wallace Campbell (USA
1862 – 1938)
Annie Jump Cannon (USA
1863 – 1941)
Luigi Carnera (Italy
1875 – 1962)
Edwin Francis Carpenter (USA
1898 – 1963)
James Carpenter (UK
1840 – 1899)
Richard Christopher Carrington (UK
1826 – 1875)
Sir John Carroll (UK
1899 – 1974)
Cιsar-Franηois Cassini de Thury (France
1714 – 1784)
Dominique
comte de Cassini (France
1748 – 1845)
Giovanni Domenico Cassini a.k.a. Jean-Dominique Cassini (France
1625 – 1712)
Jacques Cassini (France
1677 – 1756)
Bonaventura Cavalieri (Italy
1598 – 1647)
Anders Celsius
(1701 – 1744)
Vincenzo Cerulli
(Italy
1859 – 1927)
Jean Chacornac (France
1823 – 1873)
James Challis (UK
1803 – 1882)
Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar (India
USA
1910 – 1995)
Carl Charlier (Sweden
1862 – 1934)
Auguste Charlois (France
1864 – 1910)
Lyudmila Ivanovna Chernykh (Russia?
Ukraine)
Nikolai Stepanovich Chernykh (Russia
Ukraine
1931 – )
James Christy (USA
1938 – )
Edwin Foster Coddington (USA
1870 – 1950)
Jιrτme Eugθne Coggia (France
1849 – 1919)
Josep Comas Solα (Spain)
Andrew Ainslie Common (UK
1841 – 1903)
E. J. Cooper (Ireland
1798 – 1863)
Nicolaus Copernicus (Poland
1473 – 1543)
Pablo Cottenot (France)
Heather Couper (UK)
Arthur Edwin Covington (Canada
1914 – 2001)
Philip Herbert Cowell (UK
1870 – 1949)
Thomas George Cowling (UK
1906 – 1990)
Andrew Claude de la Cherois Crommelin (UK
1865 – 1939)
Heber Doust Curtis (USA
1872 – 1942)

D
Jacques Eugθne d'Allonville (France
1671 – 1732)
Andre Louis Danjon (France
1890 – 1967)
Heinrich d'Arrest (Germany
1822 – 1875)
George Howard Darwin (UK
1845 – 1912)
William Rutter Dawes (UK
1799 – 1868)
Bernard Dawson (Argentina
1890 – 1960)
Leo de Ball (Germany
Austria
1853 – 1916)
Henri Debehogne (Belgium)
Annibale de Gasparis (Italy
1819 – 1892)
Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre (France
1749 – 1822)
Charles-Eugθne Delaunay (France
1816 – 1872)
Eugθne Joseph Delporte (Belgium
1882 – 1955)
Audrey Delsanti
William Frederick Denning (UK
1848 – 1931)
Alνz Derekas (Hungary
1977 – )
Willem de Sitter (Netherlands
1872 – 1934)
Henri-Alexandre Deslandres (France
1853 – 1948)
Alexander Nikolaevich Deutsch (Russia)
Gιrard de Vaucouleurs (France
USA
1918 – 1995)
Robert Dicke (USA
1916 – 1997)
Terence Dickinson
(Canada)
astronomer and author
Thomas Digges (England
1546 – 1595)
Herbert Dingle (USA
1890 – 1978)
Andrea Di Paola (Italy)
John Dobson (1915 – )
Franjo Dominko
(Slovenia
1903 – 1987)
Giovanni Battista Donati
(Italy
1826 – 1873)
Frank Drake (USA
1930 – )
Henry Draper (USA
1837 – 1882)
John Dreyer (Ireland
1852 – 1926)
Alexander D. Dubyago (Russia)
1903 – 1959)
Dmitrij I. Dubyago (Russia)
1850 – 1918)
Jean C. B. Dufay (France
1896 – 1967)
Raymond Smith Dugan (USA
1878 – 1940)
Frank Watson Dyson (UK
1868 – 1939)

E
Arthur Eddington (England
1882 – 1944)
Frank K. Edmondson
(USA)
(born 1912)
Olin J. Eggen (USA
1919 – 1998)
Eise Eisinga (Netherlands
1744 – 1828)
Eric Elst (Belgium)
Johann Franz Encke (Germany
1791 – 1865)
Eratosthenes (Alexandria
276 BC – 194 BC)
Emil Ernst (Ph.D. Germany)
Ernest Esclangon
(France
1876 – 1954)
Larry W. Esposito (USA)
Eudoxus (Cnidus
circa 408 BC – circa 347 BC)

F
David Fabricius (Netherlands
1564 – 1617)
Sandra M. Faber (USA
1945-)
Johannes Fabricius (Netherlands
1587 – 1615)
Hervι Faye (1814 – 1902)
Charles Fehrenbach (France
1914 – )
Farghani (Persia
d. after 861)
James Ferguson (USA
1797 – 1867)
Erwin Finlay-Freundlich (1885 – 1964)
Axel Firsoff (UK
1910 – 1981)
J. Richard Fisher
Camille Flammarion (France
1842 – 1925)
Gabrielle Renaudot Flammarion (France
1867 – 1962)
John Flamsteed
(England
1646 – 1719)
Honorι Flaugergues (France
1755 – 1835)
Williamina Fleming (USA
1857 – 1911)
Wilhelm Julius Foerster (Germany
1832 – 1921)
Alfred Fowler (UK
1868 – 1940)
William Alfred Fowler (USA
1911 – 1995)
Philip Fox (USA
1878 – 1944)
Herbert Friedman (USA
1916 – )
Dirk D. Frimout
(Belgium
1941 – )
engineer and cosmonaut
Edwin Brant Frost (USA
1866 – 1935)

G
Galileo Galilei (Italy
1564 – 1642)
Julio Garavito Armero
Johann Gottfried Galle (Germany
1812 – 1910)
George Gamow (Russia
USA
1904 – 1968)
Carl Friedrich Gauss (Germany
1777 – 1855)
Tom Gehrels (Netherlands
USA
1925 – )
Andrea Ghez (USA)
Riccardo Giacconi (Italy
1931 – )
Michel Giacobini (France
1873 – 1938)
Henry Lee Giclas (USA)
David Gill (UK
1843 – 1914)
Thomas Gold (USA
1920 – 2004)
Leo Goldberg (USA
1913 – 1987)
Peter Goldreich (USA
1939 – )
Hermann Mayer Salomon Goldschmidt (Germany
1802 – 1866)
Paul Goldsmith (USA
1948 – )
Franηois Gonnessiat (France
1856 – 1934)
John Goodricke (UK
1764 – 1786)
Abu Sa'id Gorgani (Persia
9th century)
Paul Gφtz (Germany)
Benjamin Apthorp Gould (USA
1824 – 1896)
Andrew Graham (Ireland
1815 – 1907)
Charles Green (England
1735 – 1771)
Jesse Greenstein (USA
1909 – 2002)
Bengt Gustafsson
(Sweden)
Alan Harvey Guth (USA
1947 – )

H
Yusuke Hagihara (Japan
1897 –1979)
George Ellery Hale (USA
1868 – 1938)
Asaph Hall (USA
1829 – 1907)
Edmond Halley (England
1656 – 1742)
Peter Andreas Hansen (December 8
1795 – March 28
1874)
Abulfazl Harawi (Persia
10th century)
Karl Ludwig Harding (Germany
1765 – 1834)
Thomas Hariot (UK
1560 – 1621)
Guillermo Haro (Mexico
1913 – 1988)
Robert G. Harrington (USA)
Robert Sutton Harrington (USA
1942 – 1993)
William Kenneth Hartmann (USA
1939 – )
Stephen Hawking (UK
1942 – )
Will Hay (UK
1888 - 1949)
Otto Hermann Leopold Heckmann (Germany
1901 – 1983)
Joseph Helffrich (Germany)
Eleanor Helin (USA)
Maximilian Hell (Austria-Hungary
1720 – 1792)
Karl Ludwig Hencke (Germany
1793 – 1866)
Thomas Henderson (Scotland
1798 – 1844)
Paul Henry (France
1848 – 1905)
Prosper Henry (France
1849 – 1903)
George Howard Herbig (USA
1920 – )
Caroline Herschel (UK
1750 – 1848)
John Herschel (UK
1792 – 1871)
William Herschel (UK
1738 – 1822)
Ejnar Hertzsprung (Denmark
1873 – 1967)
Johannes Hevelius (Poland
1611 – 1687)
Antony Hewish (UK
1924 – )
George William Hill (USA
1838 – 1914)
John Russell Hind (UK
1823 – 1895)
Frederick Hinkle (UK
[[]] – [[]])
Hipparchus (Nicaea
circa 190 BC – 120 BC)
Kiyotsugu Hirayama (Japan
1874 – 1943)
Shin Hirayama (Japan
1868 – 1945)
Gustave-Adolphe Hirn (France
1815 – 1890)
Cuno Hoffmeister (Germany
1892 – 1968)
Dorrit Hoffleit (USA
1907 – )
Helen Sawyer Hogg (Canada
1905 – 1993)
Minoru Honda (Japan
1917 –1990)
Jeremiah Horrocks (UK
c1619 – 1641)
Fred Hoyle (UK
1915 – 2001)
Edwin Powell Hubble (USA
1889 – 1953)
William Huggins (UK
1824 – 1910)
Russell Alan Hulse (USA
1950 – )
Christiaan Huygens (Netherlands
1629 – 1695)
Josef Allen Hynek (USA
1910 – 1986)

I
I Sin (China
683 – 727)
Icko Iben
Jr. (1931 – )
Kaoru Ikeya (Japan)
Robert Thorburn Ayton Innes (Scotland
South Africa
1861 – 1933)

J
Cyril V. Jackson (South Africa)
Karl Guthe Jansky (USA
1905 – 1950)
Pierre Jules Cιsar Janssen (France
1824 – 1907)
James Jeans (UK
1877 – 1946)
Benjamin Jekhowsky (Russia
France
Algeria
1881 – ?)
Louise Freeland Jenkins (USA
1888 – 1970)
David Jewitt
Alfred Harrison Joy (USA
1882 – 1973)

K
Franz Kaiser (Germany
1891 – 1962)
Jacobus Kapteyn (Netherlands
1851 – 1922)
Lyudmila Georgievna Karachkina (Ukraine)
Ghiyath al-Kashi (Persia
1380 - 1429)
James Edward Keeler (USA
1857 – 1900)
Muraoka Kenji
(Japan
1955 – )
Johannes Kepler (Germany
1571 – 1630)
Omar Khayyαm (Persia
1048 – 1131)
Al-Khujandi (Persia
10th century)
Khwarizmi
(Persia
780 – 850)
Kidinnu (Babylon
circa 400 BC – 310 BC)
Hisashi Kimura (Japan
1870 –1943)
Daniel Kirkwood (1814 – 1895)
Ernst Friedrich Wilhelm Klinkerfues (Germany
1827 – 1884)
Viktor Knorre (Russia
1840 – 1919)
Takao Kobayashi (Japan)
Luboš Kohoutek (1935 – )
Yuri B. Kolesnik (Russia
1942 – )
Zdeněk Kopal (Czech Republic
UK
USA
1914 – 1993)
August Kopff (Germany
1882 – 1960)
Korado Korlević (Croatia)
Savvas Michael Koushiappas (Cyprus
1972 – )
Charles T. Kowal (USA
1940 – )
Robert Kraft
Ľubor Kresαk (Slovakia
1927 – 1994)
Gerard Kuiper (Netherlands
USA
1905 – 1973)
Yoshio Kushida (Japan
1957 – )

L
Nicolas Louis de Lacaille (France
1713 – 1762)
Claes-Ingvar Lagerkvist (Sweden)
Joseph-Louis Lagrange (France
1736 – 1813)
Jιrτme Lalande (France
1732 – 1807)
Johann Heinrich Lambert (France
Germany
1728 – 1777)
Samuel Pierpont Langley (USA
1834 – 1906)
Pierre-Simon Laplace (France
1749 – 1827)
William Lassell (UK
1799 – 1880)
A. Laurent (France)
Henrietta Swan Leavitt (USA
1868 – 1921)
Typhoon Lee (USA and Taiwan)
Guillaume Le Gentil (France
1725 – 1792)
Georges Lemaξtre (Belgium
1894 – 1966)
Pierre Lemonnier (France
1715 – 1799)
Armin Leuschner (Germany
1868 – 1953)
Urbain Le Verrier (France
1811 – 1877)
David Levy (USA)
Bertil Lindblad (Sweden
1895 – 1965)
Joseph Johann Littrow (Austria
1781 – 1840)
Karl L. Littrow (Austria
1811 – 1877)
Joseph Lockyer (UK
1836 – 1920)
Maurice Loewy (Austria/France
1833 – 1907)
Christian Sψrensen Longomontanus (Denmark
1562 – 1647)
Lord Rosse (Ireland
1800 – 1867)
Percival Lowell (USA
1855 – 1916)
John William Lubbock (UK
1803 – 1865)
Robert Luther (Germany
1822 – 1900)
Jane Luu (USA)
Willem Luyten (1899 – 1994)
Donald Lynden-Bell
Bernard Lyot (France
1897 – 1952)

M
Adriaan van Maanen (USA
1884 – 1946)
George Parker
2nd Earl of Macclesfield (UK
c. 1697 – 1764)
Simon Marius (Germany
1573 – 1624)
Brian Marsden (USA)
Albert Marth (Germany
1828 – 1897)
Nevil Maskelyne (UK
1732 – 1811)
Charles Mason (UK
USA
1730 – 1787)
Janet Akyόz Mattei (Turkey/USA
1943 – 2004)
Edward Walter Maunder (UK
1851 – 1928)
Pierre Louis Maupertuis (France
1698 – 1759)
Alain Maury (France)
Cornell Mayer (USA
1922-2005)
Tobias Mayer (Germany
1723 – 1762)
Christopher McKee (USA
1942 – )
Robert S. McMillan (USA)
William H. McCrea (UK
1904 – 1999)
Bruce A. McIntosh (Canada 1929 – )
Pierre Mιchain (France
1744 – 1804)
Thebe Medupe (South Africa)
Karen Jean Meech (USA)
Aden Baker Meinel (USA
1922 – )
Philibert Jacques Melotte (UK
1880 – 1961)
Paul Willard Merrill (USA
1887 – 1961)
Charles Messier (France
1730 – 1817)
Joel Hastings Metcalf (USA
1866 – 1925)
John Michell (UK
1724 – 1793)
Elia Millosevich (Italy
1848 – 1919)
Dan Milosavljevic
Edward Arthur Milne (UK
1896 – 1950)
Rudolph Minkowski (Germany
1895 – 1976)
Marcel Gilles Jozef Minnaert (Belgium
1893 – 1970)
Maria Mitchell (USA
1818 – 1889)
August Ferdinand Mφbius (Germany
1790 – 1868)
Samuel Molyneux (UK)
Geminiano Montanari (Italy
1633 – 1687)
Patrick Moore (UK
1923 – )
William Wilson Morgan (USA
1906 – 1994)
Amιdιe Mouchez (France
1821 – 1892)
Antonνn Mrkos (Czech Republic
1918 – 1996)
Jean Mueller (USA)
Johannes Mόller (Germany
1436 – 1476)
bin Musa
Ahmad
(Persia
805 - 873)
bin Musa
Hasan
(Persia
810 - 873)
bin Musa
Muhammad
(Persia
(800 - 873)
Nils Mustelin (Finland
1931 – 2004)
Geoff Marcy (USA)

N
Naubakht (Persia
d. 776)
Al-fadl ibn Naubakht (Persia
8th century)
Nabu-rimanni (Babylonia
circa 560 BC – 480 BC)
Ahmad Nahavandi (Persia
7th-8th century)
Syuichi Nakano (Japan)
Grigoriy Nikolaevich Neujmin (Russia
1886 – 1946)
Gerry Neugebauer
Otto Neugebauer (Germany
USA
1899 – 1990)
Simon Newcomb (USA
1835 – 1909)
Isaac Newton (UK
1643 – 1727)
Seth Barnes Nicholson (USA
1891 – 1963)
Peter Nilson (Sweden
1937 – 1998)

O
Tarmo Oja (Sweden)
Heinrich Wilhelm Matthδus Olbers (Germany
1758 – 1840)
Gerard O'Neill (USA
1927 – 1992)
Jan Hendrik Oort (Netherlands
1900 – 1992)
Friedrich Wilhelm Opelt (Germany
1794 – 1863)
Ernst Φpik (Estonia
Ireland
1893 – 1985)
Donald Edward Osterbrock
USA
1924 – )
Liisi Oterma (Finland
1915 – 2001)

P
Bohdan Paczynski
(Poland 1940 – )
Ľudmila Pajdušαkovα (Slovakia
1916 – 1979)
Johann Palisa
(Austria
1848 – 1925)
Johann Palitzsch (1723 – 1788)
Anton Pannekoek (Netherlands
1873 – 1960)
George Parker
2nd Earl of Macclesfield (UK
c. 1697 – 1764)
Eugene Parker (USA
1927 – )
William Parsons
Lord Rosse (Ireland
1800 – 1867)
Andrι Patry (France
1902 – 1960)
Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin (UK USA
1900 – 1979)
James Peebles (Canada USA
1935 – )
Leslie Copus Peltier (USA
1900 – 1980)
Roger Penrose (UK
1931 – )
Arno Penzias (Germany
1933 – )
Charles Dillon Perrine (USA
Argentina
1867 – 1951)
Henri Joseph Anastase Perrotin (France
1845 – 1904)
Christian Heinrich Friedrich Peters (Germany
USA
1813 – 1890)
George Henry Peters (USA
1863 – 1947)
Erik V. Petersen (Denmark
1911 – )
Giuseppe Piazzi (Italy
1746 – 1826)
Edward Charles Pickering (USA
1846 – 1919)
William Henry Pickering (USA
1858 – 1938)
Philip Plait (USA)
Giovanni Antonio Amedeo Plana (Italy
1781 – 1864)
John Stanley Plaskett (Canada
1865 – 1941)
Norman Robert Pogson
(UK
1829 – 1891)
Christian Pollas
(France)
John Pond (England
1767 – 1836)
Jean-Louis Pons (France
1761 – 1831)
Vladimνr Porubčan (Slovakia
1940 – )
Charles Pritchard (UK
1808 – 1893)
Richard Proctor (England
1837 – 1888)
Ptolemy of Alexandria (Roman Egypt
circa 85 – 165)
Pierre Puiseux (France
1855 – 1928)
Georg Purbach (Germany
1423 – 1461)
Pythagoras

Q
Adolphe Quetelet (Belgium
1796 – 1874)

R
David Lincoln Rabinowitz (USA
1960 – )
Samuel Ramsden (UK)
Pavla Ranzinger (Slovenia)
Grote Reber (USA
1911 – 2002)
Martin Rees (UK
1942 – )
Regiomontanus (Johannes Mόller) (Germany
1436 – 1476)
Erasmus Reinhold (Prussia
Germany
1511 – 1553)
Karl Reinmuth (Germany
1892 – 1979)
Giovanni Battista Riccioli (Italy
1598 – 1671)
Jean Richer (France
1630 – 1696)
Fernand Rigaux (Belgium)
Elizabeth Roemer (USA
1929 – )
Jim Rolff (United States
1983 &ndashl; )
Ole Christensen Rψmer (Denmark
1644 – 1710)
Otto A. Rosenberger (Germany
1800 – 1890)
Lord Rosse (Ireland
1800 – 1867)
Bruno Rossi (Italy
1905 – 1993)
Vera Rubin (USA
1928 – )
Henry Norris Russell (USA
1877 – 1957)
Martin Ryle (UK
1918 – 1984)

S
Sir Edward Sabine (UK
1788 – 1883)
Carl Edward Sagan (USA
1934 – 1996)
Edwin Ernest Salpeter (Austria
Australia
USA
1924 – )
Allan Rex Sandage (1926 – )
Wallace Leslie William Sargent
Alexandre Schaumasse (France
1882 – 1958)
Giovanni Virginio Schiaparelli (Italy
1835 – 1910)
Frank Schlesinger (USA
1871 – 1943)
Bernhard Schmidt (Estonia
Sweden
Germany
1879 – 1935)
Maarten Schmidt (1929 – )
Johann Hieronymus Schrφter (Germany
1745 – 1816)
Lipσt Schulhof (Hungary
1847 – 1921)
Heinrich Christian Schumacher (Germany
1780 – 1850)
Hans-Emil Schuster (Germany
1934 – )
Samuel Heinrich Schwabe (Germany
1789 – 1875)
Karl Schwarzschild (Germany
1873 – 1916)
Martin Schwarzschild (Germany
USA
1912 – 1997)
Friedrich Karl Arnold Schwassmann (Germany
1870 – 1964)
Ruby Payne Scott (Australia
1912 – 1981)
James Vernon Scotti (USA
1960 – )
Frederick Hanley Seares (USA
1873 – 1964)
George Mary Searle (USA
1839 – 1918)
Waltraut Seitter (Germany)
Tsutomu Seki (Japan
1930 – )
Carl Keenan Seyfert (USA
1911 – 1960)
Grigory Abramovich Shajn (Russia
1892 – 1956)
Pelageya Fedorovna Shajn (Russia
1894 – 1956)
Harlow Shapley (USA
1885 – 1972)
Richard Sheepshanks (UK
1794 – 1855)
Qutb eddin Shirazi (Persia)
Iosif Samuilovich Shklovsky (Russia
1916 – 1985)
Carolyn Jean Spellmann Shoemaker (USA
1929 – )
Eugene Merle Shoemaker (USA
1928 – 1997)
Charlotte Moore Sitterly (USA
1898 – 1990)
Brian A. Skiff (USA)
John Francis Skjellerup (Australia
South Africa
1875 – 1952)
Charles D. Slaughter (USA)
Vesto Melvin Slipher (USA
1875 – 1969)
Tamara Mikhaylovna Smirnova (Russia
1918 – )
William Henry Smyth (UK
1788 – 1865)
Nina A. Solovaya (Russia
1940 – )
Mary Fairfax Somerville (UK
1780 – 1872)
Sir James South (UK
(1785 – 1867)
Sir Harold Spencer Jones (UK
1890 – 1960)
Lyman Spitzer (USA
1914 – 1997)
Friederich Wilhelm Gustav Spφrer (Germany
1822 – 1895)
Link Starbureiy
(USA)
Anton Staus (Germany
1872 – 1955)
Joel Stebbins
(USA
1878 – 1966)
Karl August von Steinheil
(Germany
1801 – 1870)
Ιdouard Jean-Marie Stephan
(France
1837 – 1923)
David J. Stevenson
(New Zealand
1948 – )
Edward James Stone
(1831 – 1897)
F.J.M. Stratton (UK
1881 – 1960)
Bengt Georg Daniel Strφmgren
(Denmark
1908 – 1987)
Friedrich Georg Wilhelm (von) Struve (Germany
Russia
1793 – 1864)
Karl Hermann Struve (Russia
Germany
1854 – 1920)
Gustav Wilhelm Ludwig Struve (Russia
1858 – 1920)
Otto Struve (Russia
USA
1897 – 1963)
Otto Wilhelm (von) Struve (Russia
1819 – 1905)
Abd Al-Rahman Al Sufi (Persia
903 – 986)
Rashid Alievich Sunyaev (Uzbekistan Russia Germany
1943 – )
Lewis A. Swift (USA
1820 – 1913)
Frιdιric Sy (France)

T
Atsushi Takahashi (Japan)
Gonzalo Tancredi (Uruguay
1963 – )
Joseph Hooton Taylor Jr. (USA
1941 – )
Ernst Wilhelm Leberecht Tempel
(Germany
1821 – 1889)
Thabit ibn Qurra (Iraq
826 – 901)
Thorvald Nicolai Thiele (Denmark
1838 – 1910)
Norman G. Thomas (USA)
John M. Thome (1843 – 1908)
Kip Stephen Thorne (USA
1940 – )
Friedrich Tietjen (Germany
1834 – 1895)
Beatrice Muriel Hill Tinsley (USA
1941 – 1981)
Franηois Fιlix Tisserand (France
1845 – 1896)
Johann Daniel Titius (Germany
1729 – 1796)
Clyde W. Tombaugh (USA
1906 – 1997)
Richard Tousey (USA
1908 – 1997)
Virginia Trimble (USA)
Chad Trujillo (USA)
Robert Julius Trumpler (USA
1886 – 1956)
R. Brent Tully (USA)
Herbert Hall Turner (England
1861 – 1930)
Nasir al-Din Tusi (Persia
1201-1274)
Horace Parnell Tuttle (USA
1839 – 1923)

U
Ulugh Beg (Persia
1394 – 1449)
Albrecht Unsφld (Germany
1905 – 1995)
Mu’ayyad al-Din al-’Urdi (worked in Maragha observatory
Persia)

V
Yrjφ Vδisδlδ (Finland
1891 – 1971)
Benjamin Valz (France
1787 – 1867)
James Van Allen (USA
1914 – )
George Van Biesbroeck (Belgium
USA
1880 – 1974)
Hendrik Christoffel van de Hulst (Netherlands
1918 – 2000)
Peter van de Kamp (USA
1901 – 1995)
Sidney van den Bergh (Canada
1929 – )
Hendrik Van Gent (Netherlands
South Africa
(1900 – March 29
1947)
Cornelis Johannes van Houten (Netherlands
1920 – August 24
2002)
Ingrid van Houten-Groeneveld (Netherlands)
Zdeňka Vαvrovα (Czech Republic or Slovakia)
Philippe Vιron (France
1939 – )
Frank Washington Very (USA
1852 – 1927)
Yvon Villarceau (France
1813 – 1883)
Julie Vinter Hansen (Denmark)
1890 – 1960)
Hermann Carl Vogel (Germany
1841 – 1907)
Joseph von Fraunhofer (Germany
1787 – 1826)
Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve (Germany
Russia
1793 – 1864)
Otto Wilhelm von Struve (Russia
1819 – 1905)
Karl von Weizsδcker (Germany
1912 – )
Alexander N. Vyssotsky (Russia USA
1888 – 1973 )
Emma Vyssotsky (USA
1894 – 1975)

W
Arno Arthur Wachmann (Germany
1902 – 1990)
Abul Wαfa (Persia
940 – 997-8)
Walcher of Malvern (England
d. 1135)
George Wallerstein (1930 – )
Qingde Wang (USA
China)
James Craig Watson (USA
1838 – 1880)
Thomas William Webb (UK
1807 – 1885)
Risa H. Wechsler (USA 1975 – )
Alfred Lothar Wegener (Germany
1880 – 1930)
astronomer
geologist
meteorologist
Godefroy Wendelin (Belgium
1580 – 1667)
Richard M. West (Denmark
1942 – )
J. G. Westphal (Germany)
Johann Heinrich Westphal (Germany
Italy
1794 – 1831)
George Wetherill
John Archibald Wheeler (USA
1911 – )
Fred Lawrence Whipple (USA
1906 – 2004)
Albert Whitford (USA
1905 – 2002)
Chandra Wickramasinghe (UK
1939 – )
Paul Wild (Switzerland)
Olin C. Wilson (USA
1909 – 1994)
Robert Wilson (USA
1936 – )
John Winthrop (Massachusetts Bay Colony
1714 – 1779)
Friedrich August Theodor Winnecke (Germany
1835 – 1897)
Carl Wirtanen (USA
1910 – 1990)
Jack Wisdom (USA)
Gustav Witt (Germany
1866 – 1946)
Maximilian Wolf (Germany
1863 – 1932)
Aleksander Wolszczan (Poland
1946 – )
Richard van der Riet Woolley (UK
1906 – 1986)
Thomas Wright (UK
1711 – 1786)

Y
Issei Yamamoto (Japan
1889 – 1959)
Charles Augustus Young (USA
1834 – 1908)
James Whitney Young (USA
1941 – )

Z
Franz Xaver von Zach (Germany
1753 – 1832)
Yakov Borisovich Zel'dovich (USSR
1914 – 1987)
Andrew Ronald Zentner (USA
1976 – )
Zhang Daqing (China
1969 – )
Zhang Heng (78 – 139)
Zhang Yuzhe (China
1902 – 1986)
Lyudmila Vasil'evna Zhuravleva (Russia/Ukraine
? – )
Zu Chongzhi
(425 – 500)
Fritz Zwicky (Switzerland
USA
1898 – 1974)



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